Below is comprehensive information on ovulation, when it happens, its signs and how you can get pregnant.
What is Ovulation?
Ovulation is the release of an egg (ovum) from the ovary down the fallopian tube and being made ready for fertilization. This happens approximately every month after an egg matures and goes down the fallopian tube to await a sperm. During this time, the lining of the uterus thickens to prepare for pregnancy in case the egg gets fertilized.
If no fertilization takes place, the uterine wall is shed in a process commonly referred to as menstruation.
Ideally, during ovulation, only one egg is released from the ovaries. In the event more than one egg is released, then you will have fraternal twins in case of fertilization.
When Does Ovulation Occur
Like any other process in women bodies, ovulation time may differ from one woman to another. However, it is most expected to occur between the 11th to the 21st day of your cycle. Therefore, if you are looking forward to getting pregnant, this should be a time when you are sexually active.
So How Do You Tell that You are Ovulating?
There are various ways that you can tell when you’re ovulating. These include:
- Changes in basal body temperature
During your ovulation time, you will realize that you have an increased body temperature which increases by around half a degree. In case you record your temperature every morning, then you will be in a position to predict when you will be ovulating. In this case, you are most likely to conceive if you have sex about three or two days before the day your temperature rises.
- Changes in mucus
When you are ovulating, you will realize some changes with your vaginal secretions. In this case, the secretions will be clear, slippery and stretchy. When the ovulation period is over, the secretions become thick or disappear entirely.
Other signs that you could see when you are ovulating are such as
- Increased sex drive
- Breast tenderness
- Changes in cervical positions
- And in some cases pain
In addition to looking for the above signs of ovulation, consider charting your cycle using an ovulation calendar to help tell when you are ovulating. By indicating the last date of your period and your period length, it is possible to predict when you will be ovulating.
Please note that development differs from one child to another. Content intended for educational purposes only, and should not be substituted for medical advice from your doctor.
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Last reviewed March 2019