In Vitro Fertilization

After learning that you and your partner cannot conceive normally, you will probably start getting options to help you solve the issue. Luckily, in the current high-tech world, there are several solutions that you could opt for to help solve your infertility. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is among the directions that you could decide to try.

Here is more information about IVF, when you should consider it and what to expect when going through the procedure.

What is In-Vitro Fertilization?

This is an assisted reproductive technology where fertilization is done by extracting an egg and a sperm and combining them manually in the laboratory to form an embryo (fertilized egg). The fertilized egg is later implanted in the uterus. The process may be done to either a couple or by a single person whereby they will utilize donated eggs or sperm.

The IVF is an expensive process, and thus not many couples opt for it. In Kenya, it goes for about Kshs. 300000 if you are a couple and Ksh. 390000/- in the event of a single treatment.

When to Consider IVF?

As stated above, IVF is a solution for you in case you are having conception problems. Some of the situations where IVF will be considered are such as:

  • In the event where the woman has blocked fallopian tubes
  • When an individual has genetic disorders making reproduction impossible
  • In women whose fallopian tubes have been removed
  • In the event, the man’s sperm mobility has an issue
  • In a case where a woman has ovulation disorders
  • Unexplained infertility

Steps Involved in the In-Vitro Fertilization Process

Ideally, the whole IVF process takes involves about five significant steps. They include:

  1. Fertility medications– these are medications given to induce ovulation. In this case, many eggs are produced to compensate for those who will not be fertilized after retrieval. There are also some tests to determine the hormone level.
  2. Retrieval of eggs– Once ovulation occurs,  there is a surgical procedure that helps collect the eggs that have been produced. This is done with the aid of ultrasound to help guide the needle through the pelvic cavity thus getting the eggs.
  3. Retrieval of sperms– the man is asked to give the sperm that will be used to combine with the eggs.
  4. The insemination process- the eggs and the sperm retrieved are mixed in the lab to await fertilization. They are then monitored to ensure that cell division and fertilization is taking place. After fertilization happens, they are then considered embryos.
  5. Transfer to the uterus- after fertilization, the embryos are then transferred to the uterus about two or three days later. This is done using a catheter which is connected to the woman’s uterus. If successful, implantation occurs about six to ten days later.

Chances of Success

The chances of success in IVF may differ for different people. The factors that determine the success rate are such as:

  • Age
  • Type of fertility problems
  • Previous pregnancies
  • Lifestyle habits
  • Use of donor eggs



Please note that development differs from one child to another. 

Content intended for educational purposes only, and should not be substituted for medical advice from your doctor.

Be careful when using any products mentioned on this website. We hold no regulations for such products or their providers.

Last reviewed March 2019 

Sources: americanpregnancy, , attainfertilitymayoclinic, nation, plannedparenthood

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