Read on to get more information about infertility, its causes, and the measures to take in case you realize that you are infertile.
What is Infertility?
Infertility is simply the inability to get pregnant even after having frequent unprotected sex for about six to 12 months. Infertility may be as a result of one of the partners not being in a position to contribute to conception or in a case where the woman is not able to carry a full term pregnancy. Luckily, it is possible to work with a doctor and get a solution for your infertility after conducting several tests.
Causes of Infertility
As discussed above, infertility can be as a result of a problem with either the man or the woman. Some of the common causes of infertility in men are such as:
- Low sperm count– this is when a man ejaculates a small number of sperms
- Abnormal sperms– this is when something is not usual with the sperm making it impossible for the sperm to move swim to the ova.
- Low sperm mobility– the sperm cannot swim to the ova
- Genetic factors– this is a case where the man has two X chromosomes
- Diseases– some of the diseases linked to men infertility are such as thyroid, diabetics, anemia, mumps, among others.
Causes of Infertility in Women are Such As:
- Age- the ability to conceive drops around the age of 32 years
- Daily practices- some of the activities that a woman involves herself in such as smoking, alcohol consumption or too much or too little exercise could result in infertility.
- Sexually transmitted infections- some STI may damage critical parts such as the fallopian tube thus resulting in infertility.
- Exposure to chemical- coming into contact with some chemicals such as those in pesticides or others in some household detergents could result in infertility.
Let Your Partner Know if You are Infertile
More often than not, most people learn that they are infertile when trying to get pregnant. However, in case you realize that you are infertile before then, it is essential to share the news with your partner early enough. Pick the appropriate setting and share the news with your partner before it is too late. This will help you seek a solution together.
When to Seek a Doctor
- In case you are below 35 years, visit a doctor if you do not conceive after 12 months
- If above 35 years, consult a doctor if you do not conceive after six months
- Consult the doctor if you have a complicated medical history
Fertility treatment may involve the following:
- Taking fertility drugs
- Surgery to restore your fertility
- IVF (In vitro fertilization)
Please note that development differs from one child to another. Content intended for educational purposes only, and should not be substituted for medical advice from your doctor.
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Last reviewed March 2019